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Speech and Swallow Disorders

Are you having trouble swallow or speaking following a stroke?

Are you having trouble with others hearing/understanding you due to your voice or speech?

Are you having trouble with finding the right words, your voice, or remembering things?

Speech therapy is the practice of improving the function of mechanisms above the base of the neck. At Encompass Health, this process involves a series of activities that help patients recover and fine-tune communication skills such as word finding, word production, memory articulation and sentence formation, in addition to swallowing problems and cognitive impairments.

Many ailments can result in a need for speech therapy. Patients recovering from traumatic brain injury sometimes experience cognitive damage that affects speech and memory, while victims of stroke can struggle with physical weakness in the tongue and throat muscles that make it difficult to swallow food and control breathing. The extent of these complications varies by individual.

Speech Therapy Exercises Range from Simple to Complex

Speech therapy regimens are unique to a patient’s abilities. To improve communication, activities often include the use of matching games and picture cards, repetitive counting, song singing and exercises using a diary, journal, newspaper or other material that may stimulate vocal recollection.

“The patient may need to practice holding objects and identifying them, or we’ll flip through a photo album and try to name familiar faces, then document their vocal cadence, pitch and any stuttering or memory obstacles. Those simple exercises can help so much.”

Speech therapists also work with dietitians to modify the diets of those patients with swallowing issues, ensuring they have access to chopped or pureed meals and snacks during recovery if necessary.

How Speech Therapy Differs from Other Rehabilitation Specialties

On Point approach to care means that patients often receive a variety of therapy. Physical therapists begin by helping patients regain their strength and improve balance, coordination and mobility. Occupational therapists then help individuals independently perform tasks such as cooking and bathing. For patients with communication issues and swallowing disorders, speech therapists step in to work specifically on the muscle strength necessary for speech and swallowing.

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